Boutros Boutros Ghali

Country: Egypt

Tenure: 1992-1996


Current Positions:

  • Chairman, Egyptian Human Rights Council (2004-present)
  • President of the Institute for Mediterranean Political Studies, Club de Monaco (2002- )
  • Chairperson of the International Panel on Democracy and Development, UNESCO (1997- )

Past Positions:

  • Secretary-General of the International Organization of the Francophonie (1998-2002)
  • President of the Society for International Development (1997-2000)
  • Secretary-General, United Nations (1992-1996)
  • Deputy Prime Minister for Foreign Affairs of Egypt (May 1991- December 1991)
  • Member of the Egyptian Parliament (1987-1992)
  • Secretariat of the National Democratic Party, Egypt, from 1980
  • Head of Egyptian delegation to the United Nations General Assembly in 1979, 1982, and 1990
  • Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Egypt (1977-1991)
  • Director of the Centre of Research of The Hague Academy of International Law (1963-1964)
  • Founder and Editor, Al Ahram Iqtisadi (1960-1975)
  • Professor of International Law and International Relations at Cairo University (1949-1977)


  • Bachelor of Laws degree, Cairo University, 1946
  • Ph.D. in international law, Paris University, 1949
  • Fulbright Research Scholar at Columbia University (1954-1955)
  • Holds diplomas in political science, economics and public law from Paris University

General Information:

  • While Secretary General, he focused on the Middle East, the increasing economic gap between North and South, and the bureaucratic reorganization of the UN Secretariat
  • He is the author of more than one hundred publications on regional and international affairs, law and diplomacy, and political science in Arabic, French, and English. One of his most recent works, Unvanquished: A US-UN Saga, Random House (1999) has been recognized worldwide.
  • He has held numerous academic memberships including the Institute of International Law, the International Institute of Human Rights, and the African Society of Political Studies
  • Has received awards and honors from 24 countries